Newfoundland and Labrador Real Estate
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Newfoundland And Labrador
Newfoundland & Labrador, Canada’s easternmost province, holds a rich history and was its own independent country up until 1949. The province is made up of two distinct regions. The first is the island of Newfoundland, where a majority of the population resides. The second is Labrador, located on the eastern border of Quebec, which is more sparsely populated. Newfoundland and Labrador provide a high quality of life and a low cost of living, making it a great place to plant roots. The capital city of St. Johns, being the oldest city in Canada, displays expansive history within its borders and offers unique historical architecture that many find their homes in. From sight-seeing attractions to whale watching and hunting, Newfoundland and Labrador has something for everyone.
Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) is a province of Canada with a population of about 520,000 people. Newfoundland and Labrador province is on the eastern coast of Canada and is divided into two separate geological parts by the Strait of Belle Isle. On the north side of the strait is Labrador and is conjoined to the mainland of Canada. Newfoundland is an island in the Atlantic Ocean and is also separated from the mainland by the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Laurentian Channel. There are an additional 7,180+ islands included in this province too!
Because of the province’s geographical shape, it has a wide range of weather and six climate types. Newfoundland island spreads across 5 degrees of latitude, similar to the Great Lakes. The island usually has cool and mild summers but is also humid due to the impact of being next to the sea. On the north side of the province, in Labrador, the climates are mainly polar tundra and subarctic. The average temperatures in the summer are 20°C for the high and 10°C for the low. During the cooler winter months, the average temperatures are -6°C as the high and -15°C as the low.
History of Newfoundland And Labrador
Though Newfoundland and Labrador is Canada’s newest province, only having joined the confederation in 1949, its history goes back as far as 9,000 years! Archaeologists have found traces of several groups of Aboriginal people that have lived here. The Maritime Archaic and the Inuit or (Paleo-Eskimo) are two groups that date back the farthest. The Inuit are believed to be descendants of the Thule people that migrated from Alaska around 1000 AD. The Beothuk people once occupied the land but were considered extinct in 1829 due to fighting, deprivation, and being exposed to Tuberculosis. The Mi‘kmaq and Innu people are said to have been here since before 1600!
When the province was explored by the Cabots in 1497, King Henry VII referred to the island as “New founde lande.” The name has evolved and it is now Newfoundland. Islanders often refer to the island as Terra Nova, which directly means “new land.” The name, Labrador, comes from the 15th-century Portuguese explorer João Fernandes Lavrador.
The Indigenous People, the Inuits, have also called Labrador’s name, Nunatsuak, meaning “the big land.” They also refer to Newfoundland as Ikkaumikluak, which means “place of many shoals.”
The Newfoundland and Labrador culture is influenced by its melting-pot history featuring English, Irish, Scottish and French Newfoundland heritage with strong ties to its’ Indigenous People’s roots.
The Viking explorer, Leif Erikson, is thought to have been the first European to discover North America (though he may not have been the first to lay eyes on the land). Erikson and the other Vikings created a settlement here, though their population dwindled over time.
Since then, there have been many other Europeans who have explored this part of North America. They sought to stake claim to the land due to its excellent fishing opportunities. This created many wars between England, France, Spain, and the Mi‘kmaq people from the late 1500s through much of the 18th century.
The Irish began to have a strong presence here too, in the early 19th century as permanent fishing opportunities became available. Since then, NL has been dubbed “The most Irish place outside of Ireland.”
Though Newfoundland and Labrador have had a rough history, today this province prides itself on having a “reputation for being friendly.” It was even ranked on Maclean’s Magazine as one of the Top 10 Friendliest Cultures in the World!
Because the Newfoundland and Labrador province has a broad mix of cultures, this has influenced the language and the way Newfoundlander and Labradorians speak. The official language is Newfoundland English, which has a variety of different accents and dialects of English. This style of English is so unique the province has its own dictionary: The Dictionary of Newfoundland English!
You will also find a vestige of French speakers in a community off the island’s west coast and in pockets of the province. You will notice Algonquian languages from the Mi‘kmaq and Innu, as well as Eskimo-Aleut or Inuktitut.
For about three hundred years, fishing for cod was the bread and butter of economic life in Newfoundland and Labrador. This came to a screeching halt in the 1990s when the species was nearly extinct. Approximately 60,000 left the province when this happened. Since then, the economy has had a change in direction, and things are booming again! Not because of fishing, but because of resources and energy. The population has since seen growth, and unemployment rates have dropped!
Major cities in Newfoundland And Labrador
The capital of Newfoundland and Labrador is St. John’s, with a population of about 185,000 people! This city can be found on Newfoundland island and resides on the eastern side of the Avalon Peninsula. The city covers 446.04 square kilometres, with most of the population residing on the north side of the centre. A few companies to work for here are Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada Revenue Agency, and Husky Energy.
Conception Bay South has over 27,000 people and is Newfoundland and Labrador’s second-largest city by the populace. It’s also on the Avalon Peninsula and can be found on the southern coast of Conception Bay. While this city was home to ample fishing opportunities, it is considered a hotspot for the oil and gas industry today.
Known as a “city within a park,” the third-largest city by population in this province is Mount Pearl, with about 12,000 people. Mount Pearl was once known as a place for horse racing and summer vacations for the residents of St. John’s, but it has since become a place many call home with its calm way of life and easy access to conveniences.
Newfoundland And Labrador Transportation
There are many transportation options that Newfoundlanders and Labradorians use to get from one place to another, but it can be difficult in winter as roads become icy and slippery. To prepare for emergencies, drivers should keep full gas cans in their vehicles as well as plenty of food and survival kits. Taxi services exist in all major cities, and there are also water taxis and ferries available for travelling across the water. Train or bus services may also be taken by those who live near train lines or within city limits, respectively. There are several airports in both Newfoundland and Labrador. If you’re flying to or from the island, Newfoundland, you will want to check out St. John’s, Gander, Deer Lake, Stephenville, or St. Anthony airports. You have two options for travelling in and out of Labrador: the Wabush airport or Happy Valley-Goose Bay.
Things to do in Newfoundland And Labrador
- Sea of Whales Adventures
- Located in the Trinity Bay is the Sea of Whales Adventures! This family-owned and operated company offers guided tours a couple of times a day to get an intimate view of the variety of whales that come to visit. If you come during the summer, you might also see several bird species, including puffins and northern gannets.
- L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site
- L’Anse aux Meadows is considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Here you can travel back a thousand years and discover the remains of an old Viking settlement that was possibly connected to the explorer, Leif Erikson. The visitor’s center is very informative and paints a picture of what life may have been like for Leif and the other Vikings back then. While you’re there, you’ll want to take a hike around the Birchy Nuddick Trail!
- Standup Paddle Board Sunset Tours
- On the coast of Western Newfoundland, you can enjoy an exclusive paddle board tour around Eastern Arm Fjord while watching the sunset. While they do suggest this is an experience for the physically fit, they make it known that this experience can be enjoyed by the whole family!
- Cape Spear Lighthouse National Historic Site
- On Canada’s easternmost point of land sits the historic Cape Spear Lighthouse. Which is the oldest lighthouse in Newfoundland and Labrador! Here you can step back in time and get a glimpse of what life was like for a lighthouse-keeping family in the 1840s. While you’re there, be sure to check out the remains of a World War II coastal defence battery and possibly spot some whales!
- Quidi Vidi Brewery
- Quidi Vidi Brewery is the oldest working brewery in North America! Come to unwind, taste a variety of beers, listen to live music. You will be sure to enjoy the banks of the Quidi Vidi Harbor, including a view of Signal Hill (which served as a backdrop for the movie, The Titanic).
- The Rooms
- The Rooms is a hub for enjoying fine arts in the province. Here you will find art galleries and exhibits, theatre performances, museums, and archives of the surrounding cultures and heritages.
- Port Rexton Brewing
- Visit this taproom and enjoy a fine selection of craft beers in the small community of Port Rexton on the East Coast of Newfoundland. There is always something new to try with their seasonal and experimental varieties.
- Terra Nova National Park
- Whether you prefer glamping or a more rugged camping experience, this park has something for everyone! You can engage in organized activities, theatre productions, kayak along the shorelines, or hike up Ochre Hill for a look at some wide-open views!
- Birch Brook Nordic Ski Club
- Just 10 minutes from Happy Valley-Goose Bay, NL is the Birch Brook Nordic Ski Club. Here you can enjoy cross country skiing for the whole family! While you’re there, you can try their snowshoe trails too!
- Torngat Mountains National Park
- One of the most remote places in the world is the arctic Torngat Mountains. The name, Tongait, is an Inuktitut word meaning “place of the spirits.” It’s been referred to as otherworldly and magnificent. If you are planning a trip here, you will want to make sure you are fully prepared to be self-reliant, as it’s not an easy place to get to. There are no roads, and the only way to get there is by boat or plane. A visit to these mountains could easily be considered a trip of a lifetime!